android自定义控件 — 自定义属性

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文本是学习android的一个记录:

1. reference:引用某一资源ID

属性定义:

<declare-styleable name = "名称">
    <attr name = "background" format = "reference" />
</declare-styleable>

属性使用:

<ImageView
    android:layout_width = "42dip"
    android:layout_height = "42dip"
    android:background = "@drawable/图片ID"/>

2. color:颜色值

属性定义:

<declare-styleable name = "名称">
    <attr name = "textColor" format = "color" />
</declare-styleable>

属性使用:

<TextView
    android:layout_width = "42dip"
    android:layout_height = "42dip"
    android:textColor = "#00FF00"/>

3. boolean:布尔值

属性定义:

<declare-styleable name = "名称">
    <attr name = "focusable" format = "boolean" />
</declare-styleable>

属性使用:

<Button
    android:layout_width = "42dip"
    android:layout_height = "42dip"
    android:focusable = "true"/>

4. dimension:尺寸值

属性定义:

<declare-styleable name = "名称">
    <attr name = "layout_width" format = "dimension" />
</declare-styleable>

属性使用:

<Button
    android:layout_width = "42dip"
    android:layout_height = "42dip"/>

5. float:浮点值

属性定义:

<declare-styleable name = "AlphaAnimation">
    <attr name = "fromAlpha" format = "float" />
    <attr name = "toAlpha" format = "float" />
</declare-styleable>

属性使用:

<alpha
    android:fromAlpha = "1.0"
    android:toAlpha = "0.7"/>

6 integer:整型值

属性定义:

<declare-styleable name = "AnimatedRotateDrawable">
    <attr name = "visible" />
    <attr name = "frameDuration" format="integer" />
    <attr name = "framesCount" format="integer" />
    <attr name = "pivotX" />
    <attr name = "pivotY" />
    <attr name = "drawable" />
</declare-styleable>

属性使用:

<animated-rotate
    xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"  
    android:drawable = "@drawable/图片ID"  
    android:pivotX = "50%"  
    android:pivotY = "50%"  
    android:framesCount = "12"  
    android:frameDuration = "100"/>

7 string:字符串

属性定义:

<declare-styleable name = "MapView">
    <attr name = "apiKey" format = "string" />
</declare-styleable>

属性使用:

<com.google.android.maps.MapView
    android:layout_width = "fill_parent"
    android:layout_height = "fill_parent"
    android:apiKey="0jOkQ80oD1JL9C6HAja99uGXCRiS2CGjKO_bc_g"/>

8 fraction:百分数

属性定义:

<declare-styleable name="RotateDrawable">
    <attr name = "visible" />
    <attr name = "fromDegrees" format = "float" />
    <attr name = "toDegrees" format = "float" />
    <attr name = "pivotX" format = "fraction" />
    <attr name = "pivotY" format = "fraction" />
    <attr name = "drawable" />
</declare-styleable>

属性使用:

<rotate
    xmlns:android = "http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android" 
    android:interpolator = "@anim/动画ID"
    android:fromDegrees = "0" 
    android:toDegrees = "360"
    android:pivotX = "200%"
    android:pivotY = "300%" 
    android:duration = "5000"
    android:repeatMode = "restart"
    android:repeatCount = "infinite"/>

9 enum:枚举值

属性定义:

<declare-styleable name="名称">
    <attr name="orientation">
        <enum name="horizontal" value="0" />
        <enum name="vertical" value="1" />
    </attr>            
</declare-styleable>

属性使用:

<LinearLayout
    xmlns:android = "http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:orientation = "vertical"
    android:layout_width = "fill_parent"
    android:layout_height = "fill_parent">
 </LinearLayout>

10 flag:位或运算

属性定义:

<declare-styleable name="名称">
    <attr name="windowSoftInputMode">
        <flag name = "stateUnspecified" value = "0" />
        <flag name = "stateUnchanged" value = "1" />
        <flag name = "stateHidden" value = "2" />
        <flag name = "stateAlwaysHidden" value = "3" />
        <flag name = "stateVisible" value = "4" />
        <flag name = "stateAlwaysVisible" value = "5" />
        <flag name = "adjustUnspecified" value = "0x00" />
        <flag name = "adjustResize" value = "0x10" />
        <flag name = "adjustPan" value = "0x20" />
        <flag name = "adjustNothing" value = "0x30" />
    </attr>         
</declare-styleable>

属性使用:

<activity
    android:name = ".StyleAndThemeActivity"
    android:label = "@string/app_name"
    android:windowSoftInputMode = "stateUnspecified | stateUnchanged | stateHidden">
    <intent-filter>
        <action android:name = "android.intent.action.MAIN" />
        <category android:name = "android.intent.category.LAUNCHER" />
    </intent-filter>
</activity>

11 属性定义时可以指定多种类型值

属性定义:

<declare-styleable name = "名称">
    <attr name = "background" format = "reference|color" />
</declare-styleable>

属性使用:

<ImageView
    android:layout_width = "42dip"
    android:layout_height = "42dip"
    android:background = "@drawable/图片ID|#00FF00"
/>

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